Anterior Lumbar Corpectomy and Fusion

Anterior Lumbar Corpectomy and Fusion is a surgical technique performed to remove the vertebral bone or disc material between the vertebrae to alleviate pressure on the spinal cord and spinal nerves (decompression) in the lumbar (low back) region.

The term corpectomy originates from the Latin word ‘corpus’ which means ‘body’ and the word ‘ectomy’ means ‘removal’. Spinal fusion is essential for spinal stability after the removal of vertebral bone and disc material to relieve the compression over the neural structure.

Anterior lumbar corpectomy and fusion is recommended when non-surgical treatment options fail to reduce the symptoms. Nerve compression in the lower back usually leads to back pain, numbness or weakness extending into the hips, buttocks and legs.

Common causes of spinal nerve compression are:

  • Degenerative spinal conditions such as herniated discs
  • Spinal fractures
  • Tumors
  • Infection

Before recommending surgery, the surgeon considers various factors such as age, condition to be treated, health, lifestyle, and the activity level of the patient.